Preliminary results Census 2011 – Thirty percent population was born in St. Maarten

POSTED: 10/15/12 3:40 PM

St. Maarten – A mere 63.7 percent of people living in St. Maarten have the Dutch nationality. The top five of other nationalities after Dutch are Haitian (6.7 percent), Dominicano (5.7), Jamaican (5.4), Guyanese (3.8) and Dominican (2.9). There are 91 different nationalities among the people living in St. Maarten and people stem from 118 different countries of birth. These figures are preliminary results from the 2011 census that were released by the department of statistics (Stat) this weekend.

While there are no absolute numbers available yet – for instance about the population’s size – the department did give some indications about the makeup of the community. In 2011, like ten years earlier in the previous census, 30 percent of the population was born in St. Maarten. Ten percent is born in the Dominican Republic, a bit less than 8 percent in Haiti, just over 6 percent in Jamaica and just under 6 percent in Saint Martin.

The department provided furthermore data bout household characteristics, gender, insurance and illness. What stands out: many more people are insured now than ten years ago, and the number of diabetes and blood pressure patients doubled.

The data show that 63% of households include members that are related to each other while nearly 30% of the population lives alone. The second and third most popular compositions are households consisting of married couples with children (19%) and single mothers with one or more children (13.18%). A notable statistic is that single parent households compose 15% of the population.

An average household has 2.6 members. This is not significantly different from 2001.

The composition of St. Maarten is changing. The statistics show a shift in the country of birth compared to 2001 Census results. 30% of the population is born on St. Maarten as was the case in 2001. The top 5 countries of birth in 2001 were Sint Maarten, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Dominica and Curaçao. In 2011 however, the top 5 is Sint Maarten, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica and Saint Martin. Other countries that are now also better represented are Guyana and India.

The country of birth is not synonymous with nationality. As the graph below shows, nationality can be different from the country of birth. The second popular nationality is the Haitian nationality with the Dominican (from the Dominican Republic) nationality the third most popular and the Guyanese nationality follows closely behind the Jamaican nationality. Please note that the category Netherlands includes persons with Dutch nationality.

A notable observation is that a total of 91 recognized nationalities and 118 different birth countries have been recorded.

In 2001 the ratio between men and women was 51.33% female and 48.66% male. This ratio has changed in 2011 and we now have a distribution of 52.91% female and 47.06% male. This means that for every 100 men on St. Maarten there are 112 women.

The number of people over 40 is higher than it was in 2001 while the percentage of people under 40 has decreased. This ageing trend is noticeable in more countries in the Caribbean. The age category with the largest growth is amongst people aged 55 to 59 while the largest decrease is recorded in the age category 30 to 34. The graph outlines the valley between 25 and 45 year- olds and the peak between 45 and 75. This is a clear indication of the ageing process of the population.

Nearly 65% of SXM population is insured by SZV / BZV. This is a significant change from 2001 when only 46% was insured by SZV. This shift has benefited the total uninsured population, who now consist of 12.26% of the population as opposed to 30.20% observed in 2001.

The department of statistics expanded the list of illnesses in the 2011 Census to include cancer, sickle cell, brain hemorrhage and dementia/Alzheimer. High blood pressure is still the leading illness on St. Maarten. Figure 5 illustrates the ranking of each illness, where blood pressure is the most prevalent followed by diabetes and asthma. The number of blood pressure patients has more than doubled since 2001; this is also true for diabetes. Although the percentage of the population suffering from asthma has not doubled, there is a significant rise.

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